Editorials       Cover Story   Letters
 Subscribe Now  Contact Us
Book Reviews
Case Study
Constitution of India
Cover Story
Crime File
Cyber Space
Good Living
Harvard Law School
Health & Fitness
Permanent Imprint Leading
Know Your Judge
The Law and The Celebrity
Legal Articles
Legal Events
Law for Other Species
Law School Confidential
Legal Scanner
Legal Trotternama
Media Scan
Reasoning The Reasons
Street Lawyer
Study Abroad
Supreme Court Cases
Thinkers & Theory
Top Law Schools
Universal Law of Success
--------------- Print Magazine --------------
  May 2016
  April 2016
Constitution of India
Art. 131. Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
The Constitution of India is the fountainhead from which all our laws derive their authority and force. This is next Article in the series on constitutional provisions in order to aid our readers in understanding them.

131. "Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.- Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Supreme Court shall, to the exclusion of any other court, have original jurisdiction in any dispute-

(a) between the Government of India and one or more States; or

(b) between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or

(c) between two or more States,

if and in so far as the dispute involves any question (whether of law or fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends:

Provided that the said jurisdiction shall not extend to a dispute arising out of any treaty, agreement, covenant, engagement, sanad or other similar instrument which, having been entered into or executed before the commencement of this Constitution, continues in operation after such commencement, or which provides that the said jurisdiction shall not extend to such a dispute.

The Supreme Court has been given original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. Article 131 speaks of the original jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction means the power to hear and determine a dispute in the first instance. The Supreme Court has been given exclusive original jurisdiction which extends to disputes (a) between the Government of India and one or more States, (b) between the Government of India and one or more States on one side and one or more States on the other, (c) between two or more States. However, this jurisdiction shall not extend to a dispute arising out of treaty, agreement, etc. which is in operation and excludes such jurisdiction.

It is to be noted that Article 131 accords not only original but also exclusive jurisdiction to the Supreme Court in certain matters which means that in those matters no other court has authority to hear or determine a case.

Disputes which can be raised before the Supreme Court in its exclusive original jurisdiction under Article 131:

  • must be disputes between the Union and the States or the States inter se
  • must raise questions of a legal right.

Article 131 begins with the words "subject to the provisions of this Constitution" which means that where jurisdiction has been given to other bodies under other provisions of the Constitution or jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is excluded, the exclusive jurisdiction provision of Article 131 shall not apply as, for example, under Articles 262 (inter-State water disputes), 280 (matters referred to Finance Commission), 290 (adjustment of certain expenses and pensions between the Union and the States), etc.

There is some divergence in the pronouncements of the Supreme Court in regard to the nature of judgments to be delivered under Article 131.One view has been that only declaratory judgments i.e., those ending with making a declaration about the existence or otherwise of a legal right are required while the other and more logical view is that in matters where the Supreme Court has exclusive jurisdiction, once the existence of legal right is established, the Supreme Court would also proceed to provide all the necessary relief to the aggrieved party.

Source: Subhash Kashyap: Constitutional Law of India


(Print Version)
Rs. 600/- per year
(Registered Post & Courier)

New Releases by UNIVERSAL's

     To avail discounts and for more details write to us at marketing.in@lexisnexis.com

Home     :      About Us     :      Subscribe     :      Advertise With Us    :       Privacy     :      Copyright     :      Feedback     :      Contact Us

Copyright © Universal Book Traders. All material on this site is subject to copyright. All rights reserved.
No part of this material may be reproduced, transmitted, framed or stored in a retrieval system for public or private
use without the written permission of the publisher. This site is developed and maintained by Universal Legal Infosolutions.
Powered by: Universal Book Traders