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--------------- Print Magazine --------------
 
  May 2016
 
  April 2016
 
 
 
 
REASONING THE REASONS

LEGAL REASONING, LOGICAL REASONING ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING

Legal Principle: No accused alleged to the offence should be compelled by investigating Agency to allow polygraphy, brain maping and narco testing for collection of evidences in his case as this procedure violates the personal liberty of accused within the provisions under Articles 20(2) and 21 of the Constitution of India.

Factual Situation: Four people of an entire family were murdered during fateful night of June 15, 2010 in NCT of Delhi in their dwelling house. The neighbour one Mr. Sharma while trying to meet those deceased persons the next morning, found that the door was open and they had been left dead. He called the Local Police but during the process of investigation by police, no specific accused was traced out to be linked to murder. Three days later the police arrested two persons on suspect but failed to reach at a conclusion and the circumstances did not relate to the case. On reasonable doubt the police thereafter took them to Forensic Lab of Ahmedabad and Bangalore in two occasions where no satisfactory technical evidence was found out. Then the police authorities asked the alleged accused persons for further test at Hyderabad and the accused persons went to Hyderabad voluntarily and after the tests were conducted by the doctors it was found that the alleged accused persons were linked to the murder. The police brought them to Delhi and registered murder case against them and framed charges and produced
them in the court of local jurisdiction. They were sent to judicial custody for fifteen days. After a week the accused persons filed a writ petition in Delhi High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution praying that their narco tests violates their personal liberty enshrined in the Constitution and their arrest and remand should be ceased at the leave of the Court and they should be acquitted and should be compensated on the ground of defamation.

Decide:
(a) The accused persons should be finally released and the case against them should be withdrawn with order of damage and cost.

(b) The accused persons should be released on bail and on trial and judgment they have complete liberty to be acquitted.

(c) The accused persons are to be convicted if the findings in the tests corroborate with other circumstances of the murders as the Hyderabad test was voluntary.

(d) The accused persons should be released on bail and the Court should direct the Government of Delhi to ask CBI/ CID for further investigation.

The answer is ( c)

LOGICAL REASONING

If letters in the word “UNIVERSAL” are arranged in the alphabetical order and each
letter is assigned numerical value equal to its serial number from the left in this arranged order, what is the difference in the total of numerical values of vowels to that of consonants?

       (a) 21;      (b) 17;     (c) 15;      (d) 13

The answer is (b)

ANALYTICAL REASONING

A gentleman before his death left a sum of Rs. 23,000 to divided among his widow, five sons and four daughters. He directed that every son should receive 3 times as much as a daughter, and that every daughter should have twice as much as their mother. What is the share of widow?
          (a) 759.57
          (b) 589.70
          (c) 413.93
          (d) 397.13

The answer is (b

 
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