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--------------- Print Magazine --------------
 
  May 2016
 
  April 2016
 
 
 
 
REASONING THE REASONS

LEGAL REASONING, LOGICAL REASONING ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING

Principle: Whoever, intending to insult a girl or a woman, utters any word, makes any remark, sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, and intending that such word or sound shall be heard, and that such gesture or object shall be seen, by such woman or girl, or intrudes upon the privacy of such woman or girl, is to be punished.

Factual Situation: A, a resident of a lane in Delhi meets a girl B who is staying in the same lane, on many occasions. After some months both became friends and their friendship developed with the passage of time.

On the day of Dussehra A met B and invited her for outing with him. B agreed and they both went to Qutab Minar to spend some time together. When A tried to misbehave with B, B threatened to inform the police. A thinking it to be an insult to him called her a prostitute, bad character, loose personality, cheat and fraud etc., in public and face to face. B, feeling insulted and hurt, informed the local police and the police arrested A. A putting up a brave front told the police that B is known to him, she is his girlfriend and had spent many years in the same lane hence he should not be charged and arrested.

Decision:

             (a) A cannot be charged and arrested by the police after knowing that B is friend              of A and she had come to Qutab Minar area with her consent.

             (b) A's arrest and charges against him by the police are right as he had not taken              consent of B before proceeding to that extent.

             (c) A cannot be arrested and charged by the police as no offence is committed if it              is caused to a known person.

             (d) A cannot be arrested and charged by the police as it is his first offence against              B.

The answer is (b).

LOGICAL REASONING

Instructions: Out of the two statements A and B, you are required to determine whether data given in the statements is sufficient for answering the question. You have to use the data and your knowledge of logic to choose between the possible answers and then respond to the question.

Answer:

(i) If the statement A alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement B alone is not sufficient

(ii) If the statement B alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement A alone is not sufficient

(iii) If both statements A and B together are needed to answer the question

(iv) If either the statement A alone or the statement B alone is sufficient to answer the question

(v) If you cannot get the answer from statements A and B together, but need some more data

1. Triangle ABC has angle BAC equal to 90°. What is the measure of angle ABC?

             A. The angle ACB is 35°
             B. The angle CBA is 55°

The answer is (iv)

2. X,Y,Z are three consecutive even numbers. What is the sum of these numbers?

             A. The difference between X and Z is 4
              B. One-third of Y is 14

The answer is (iii)

3. What is salary of P, in a group of P,Q,R,S,T and U whose average salary is Rs. 35,000 per month.

             A. Total of the salary of Q and S is Rs. 54,000 per month
             B. Total of the salary of T and U is Rs. 25,000 per month

The answer is (iii)

4. What is the number?

             A. 20% of that number is one-fifth of that number
             B. 5/6 of that number is less by 15 of that number

The answer is (ii)

5. What is the interest rate per annum (p.c.p.a.) on an amount of Rs. 6000 deposited in a bank?

             A. The simple interest for four years is Rs. 3600
            B. The difference between the simple interest and compound interest is Rs.              894.0375

The answer is (i).

ANALYTICAL REASONING

The fathers of five students A, B, C, D and E have different professions i.e. teaching, music, medicine, law and architecture. Further A's father is not an architect.

E's father is a singer.
B's father is a teacher.
C's father practices medicine.
D's father is not a lawyer.

Then whose father is a lawyer?

             (a) A's
             (b) B's
             (c) C's
             (d) E's

The answer is (a)

 
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