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--------------- Print Magazine --------------
 
  May 2016
 
  April 2016
 
 
 
 
REASONING THE REASONS

LEGAL REASONING, LOGICAL REASONING ANALYTICAL REASONING

LEGAL REASONING

Principle: Every person shall be liable to punishment under the Indian Penal Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to provision thereof, of which he shall be guilty within India.

Factual Situation: A Pakistani citizen, while staying at Karachi, made false representations to a person in Mumbai through letters, telephone calls and telegrams and induced such person to part with money amounting to over rupees five lakh to his agent in Mumbai so that rice could be shipped from Karachi to India as per the agreement. But the rice was never supplied. The Pakistani was arrested while he was in England and was brought to Mumbai as a result of extradition proceedings, where he was prosecuted and convicted for cheating. The Pakistani accused filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court of India challenging the place of law and punishment.

Decision:

             (a) The Pakistani accused committed the offence in Mumbai, even though he was              not physically present there, at the material time and is to be punished under the              Indian Penal Code.

             (b) The Pakistani accused committed the offence in Karachi, as such he is to be              punished under the Indian Penal Code and is to serve prison in Karachi.

             (c) The Pakistani accused committed the offence in Karachi and is to be punished              under the Indian Penal Code and is to serve his sentence in England.

             (d) The Pakistani accused committed the offence in Karachi and is to be punished              under the Pakistani criminal law as well as under the Indian Penal Code and is to              serve his sentence in England.

The answer is (a).

LOGICAL REASONING

Instructions : Given are two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. The two given statements are to be taken as granted even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then a decision is to be taken. Which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements?

Decide:

             (a) if only conclusion I follows
             (b) if only conclusion II follows
             (c) if either I or II follows
             (d) if neither I nor II follows
             (e) if both I and II follow

Statements :

Some crows are jackals.
No fox is a crow .

Conclusions:

I. Some jackals are foxes.
II. Some jackals are not foxes.

The answer is (b)

ANALYTICAL REASONING

Instructions: Given are two statements : "Assertion" A and "Reason" R.
These two statements are to be examined carefully and selection of answer is to be made using the Codes given as follows:

             (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
             (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation
                    of A
             (c) A is true but R is false
             (d) A is false but R is true.

Assertion (A): The Government of India introduced Income-tax in 1860 as a temporary measure.

Reason (R): The Government of India wanted to utilize the extra revenue to spread and promote western education in India.

The answer is (c)

 
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