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--------------- Print Magazine --------------
  May 2016
  April 2016


1. Principle: A contract is an agreement enforced by law. All agreements are contracts if they are made with free consent by parties competent to contract for a lawful consideration and with a lawful object.

Factual Situation: Sohan , a young man of 32 years without any consideration agrees to give Mohan Rs. 10,000. Sohan fails to fulfil his promise. Mohan sues Sohan for the amount.

Decision :

(a) Mohan will succeed as Sohan made the promise of his own free will

(b) Mohan will fail as the agreement is without consideration

(c) Mohan will succeed as Sohan has the capacity to make the contract

(d) Mohan will succeed as the money is not being paid for any illegal object.

The answer is (b).

2. Principle: Same as in above example.

Factual Situation: A , a 40 years old businessman of sound mind agrees of his own free will to sell his bungalow worth Rs. 10 lakhs for Rs. one lakh. The agreement

I. Is invalid because of inadequate consideration

II. Is valid because there is lawful consideration

III. Is valid because it was entered into with free consent

IV. Is valid because A has the capacity to contract.


(a) I only

(b) II and III only

(c) III only

(d) II, III and IV

The answer is (d).

3. Principle: A contract without consideration is void. When at the desire of one party, the other party does something, the consideration is said to flow from the latter to the former.

Factual Situation: A house was on fire and a child was trapped inside the house. Everyone was shouting for help. A brave onlooker, hearing the shrieks of child, went inside the house and brought him out. The grateful father of the child promised to pay the rescuer Rs. 10,000. Subsequently, he reneged the promise. The rescuer sued the promisee for the breach.


(a) The father of the child must pay for the service rendered by the rescuer

(b) The rescuer is not entitled to the payment, since he acted on his own

(c) Commercial considerations cannot be applied to humanitarian instincts.

(d) None of the above

The answer is (b).


Directions (Questions 1 to 3): Read the following data and use it for answering the questions given below:

A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies M,N,P,Q,R and S exactly once during the course of one day. She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions:

(1) She must visit M before N and R

(2) She must visit N before Q

(3) The third company she visits must be P

1. Which of the following could be the order in which the sales representative visits the six companies?

(a) M,R,N,Q,P,S

(b) M,S,P,N,R,Q

(c) P,R,M,N,Q,S

(d) P,S,M,R,Q,N

The answer is (b).

2. Which of the following must be true of the sales representative's schedule for the day?

(i) She visits M before Q

(ii) She visits N before R

(iii) She visits P before M

(iv) She visits P before S

The answer is (a).

3. If the sales representative visits S first, which company must she visit second?

(i) M

(ii) N

(iii) P

(iv) Q

The answer is (a).


Directions (Questions 1 to 3): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements is sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer:

(a) If the data in Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

(b) If the data in Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

(c) If the data either in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

(d) If the data in both Statements I and II together is not sufficient to answer the question.

1. Which direction is Shashidhar facing?


(I) In the early morning Shashidhar was standing in front of a puppet and the shadow of the puppet was falling to the right of Shashidhar.

(II) In the early morning Shashidhar was standing on the ground. His shadow was falling behind him when he turned to his left.

The answer is (a).

2. Who among A,B,C,D and E teaches History?


(I) Each one of them teaches only one subject. B teaches Mathematics, while E teaches Science. A or C do not teach Geography. A or D do not teach English.

(II) C and E teach English and Science respectively and A is the teacher of Mathematics.

The answer is (a).

3. In a row of boys facing South who is immediate left to Ramakant?


(I) Suresh is immediate right to Chandrakant, who is fourth to the right of Ramakant.

(II) Suresh is third to the right of Ramakant and Naresh is second to the right of Suresh.

The answer is (d).

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