Principle: A person is said to cause an effect "voluntarily" when he causes it by means whereby he intended to cause it, or by means which, at the time of employing those means, he knew or had reason to believe to be likely to cause it.
Factual Situation: A sets fire, by night, to an inhabited house in a large town, for the purpose of facilitating a robbery and thus causes the death of a person. A has no intention to cause death and apologises thereafter that death has been caused by his act.
(a) A is guilty, because he knew that he was likely to cause death
(b) A is not guilty, because he did not know that he was likely to cause death
(c) A is guilty irrespective of his knowledge of death
(d) A is not guilty because he did not kill the person directly
The answer is (a)
Every Saturday, the members of a club meet in the evening. All the members of the club are honest and never lie. Last Saturday the following conversation was heard at one of the tables with five members sitting around it.
Satya Sadhan: In this club not all members are friends with each other.
Satyabrata: None of the pair of friends in this club has any common friend.
Satyajit: Every pair of members who are not friends has exactly two common friends in this club.
Satya Iswar: There are fewer than 22 people in this club.
(i) How many members are there in the club?
The answer is (c)
(ii) How many friends does Satya Sadan have in the club?
The answer is (c)
A Techno Company has 14 machines of equal efficiency in its factory. The annual manufacturing costs are ` 42,000 and establishment charges are ` 12,000. The annual output of the company is ` 70,000. The annual output and manufacturing costs are directly proportional to the number of machines. The shareholders gets 12.5% profit, which is directly proportional to the annual output of the company. If 7.14% machines remain closed throughout the year, then the proportionate decrease in the amount of profit of the shareholders would be
(d) None of the above
The answer is (b).