The book entitled "Human Rights in International Law" published by Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., Delhi is a monumental work as it contains basic texts of great importance. This is a valuable resource book as it contains study material in the area of universal and regional protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
This book was initially published by the "Council of Europe Publishing" in 2000 A.D. under the auspicies of Council of Europe and thereafter it was first published in India in 2006 and then its second reprint in 2011 A.D. by the Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., Delhi. This shows the growing demand and popularity of this book in Europe and India. The book meets the growing demand of study material of all the original instruments in the field of "Human Rights and fundamental freedoms", which are the basis of fundamental principles of equality, liberty, rule of law, right to life, democracy and development.
On 10 th December, 1948, the U.N. General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 and thereafter it adopted about 18 ideal instruments, which were concerning the Universal Protection of Human Rights and fundamental freedoms of women, children, elimination of racial discrimination; civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights; prohibition of torture and inhuman treatment, rights of persons belonging to religious and linguistic minorities, individual groups and organs of society and rights of persons with disabilities. This book contains the basic texts of all such International instruments. Before the publication of this work, it was not possible to find all these instruments in a single book with details as to when the particular instrument was adopted and when it came into force. In the area of universal instruments concerning Protection of Human Rights, about 10 Conevntion adopted by ILO between 1948 and 2000 and the text of Vienna Convention and Programme of action on Human Rights, 1993 adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights have been included. The book meets the need of a standard reference guide in the area of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
The book contains the regional instruments like the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which was adopted by the Council of Europe on 4 th November, 1950, and about 6 Protocols thereunder, the European Social Charter, 1961, the revised European Social Charter, 1996 and 3 Protocols thereunder. The basic texts also contain European conventions for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman Treatment and Protocols thereunder, protection of regional and minority languages, convention for the protection of national minorities, various rights of women and children and convention concerning Human Rights and Biomedicine. The texts prepared within the European Union include Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Final Act of Helsinki Summit, 1975 and Document of the Copenhagen meeting, 1990 of OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe).
The basic texts include the African Charter on Human Rights and People's Rights, 1981 and Protocols of 1998 and 2003 made thereafter and African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of Child, 1990. In the area of regional instruments, the book contains the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, 1948 and Resolution on it adopted in 1998, the American Convention on Human Rights, 1969 and two Protocols of 1988 and 1990 in the area of economic, social and cultural rights and abolition of death penalty. It also contains Inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture, on forced disappearance of persons and elimination of all forms of discrimination against persons with disabilities, 1999 and Arab Charter on Human Rights, 1994.
Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. has published a classic work with utmost care and skill, which will serve the need of international legal community for many years and provide a comprehensive study material for the judges, advocates, university and college libraries, teachers and students. It is a valuable reference book for all those interested in universal and regional texts in the area of human rights and fundamental freedoms. The book is no doubt a useful reference tool for the scholars and policy makers as it will generate research interest among them. It is sincerely hoped that the book will go a long way in promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Prof. S.R. Bhansali
Former Professor of Law, Head and Dean
Faculty of Law, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur
Emeritus Fellow UGC, New Delhi