Born on 26 th October 1952, did his B.A. (Hons.), LL.B., M.Phil. Educated at St. Stephen's College, Delhi, Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) from Panjab University in 2004.
A politician from the Indian National Congress party, currently serving as Minister of Law, he held the portfolio of parliamentary affairs. A Member of the Parliament of India representing Punjab in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. Currently Minister of Law and Justice.
Also written several articles in newspapers and magazines on law, economic reforms, elections, democracy, international affairs, etc.; has been extensively interviewed in the print and electronic media including BBC, CNN, STAR, Radio Australia, UN Radio (New York), Doordarshan, Zee, India TV, TVI, Jain TV and NDTV 24x7; also interacted on political issues with (i) the foreign print media including the Washington Post, Le Monde, Los Angeles Times, Guardian, the Times (London), India Abroad (New York), Les Echos (Paris), Le Figaro (Paris), Diplomatica magazine (Morocco) and The Dawn (Pakistan) and (ii) the national media including The Times of India, Punjab Kesari, The Tribune, The Observer, The Economic Times, Hindustan Times, Financial Express, Pioneer, Indian Express, Asian Age, The Hindu, Hindu Business Line, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan (Hindi), 'Ajit', etc.