Born on August 28, 1952. Completed graduation in science from Government College, Chandigarh in 1974. Awarded LL.B. degree by the Panjab University, Chandigarh in 1977, then acquired the LL.M. qualification from the same University in 1979, for the latter qualification was awarded the Gold Medal for having stood first in the University. Enrolled as an Advocate in 1979 and practiced mainly in the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh High Court, Shimla and the Supreme Court of India, New Delhi. Appointed as Additional Advocate General, Punjab, in January 1992, and then as Senior Standing Counsel, Union Territory, Chandigarh. Designated as Senior Advocate in February, 1995. Remained Standing Counsel for Universities of the area, Corporate Bodies and a large number of companies and cooperative organizations. Appeared as counsel for Mr. M. Krishnaswamy, M.P. (from the Arani constituency in Tamil Nadu), in the defence of Mr. Justice V. Ramaswami, then Judge of the Supreme Court of India, before the Judges Inquiry Committee constituted to investigate the grounds on which the removal of Justice V. Ramaswami was sought. Was elevated to the Bench of High Court of Punjab and Haryana, at Chandigarh, on February 8, 1999. Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court twice i.e ., with effect from August 2, 2008, and again, with effect from November 17, 2009. Elevated as Chief Justice of the High Court of Uttarakhand, at Nainital, on November 29, 2009 and thereafter transferred as Chief Justice of High Court of Karnataka, where he assumed his office on August 8, 2010.
By a notification dated May 20, 2010 the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha appointed him as a member of the Judges Inquiry Committee for investigating the grounds on which the removal of Mr. Justice P.D. Dinakaran, Chief Justice of the Karnataka High Court, has been sought.
Assumed office as Judge, Supreme Court of India on September 13, 2011.